Standard Terms of Business

Applicable law

This engagement letter shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with English law. The Courts of England shall have exclusive
jurisdiction in relation to any claim, dispute or difference concerning the engagement letter (including the firm’s terms of business) and any
matter arising from it. Each party irrevocably waives any right it may have to object to an action being brought in those Courts, to claim that
the action has been brought in an inconvenient forum, or to claim that those Courts do not have jurisdiction.

Persons who are not party to this agreement shall have no rights under the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 to enforce any term of
this agreement. This clause does not affect any right or remedy of any person which exists or is available otherwise than pursuant to that Act.
The advice we give you is for your sole use and is confidential to you and will not constitute advice for any third party to whom you may
communicate it. We will accept no responsibility to third parties for any aspect of our professional services or work that is made available to

Client identification

In common with all accountancy and legal practices, the firm is required by law to:

  • Maintain identification procedures for clients and beneficial owners of clients;
  • Maintain records of identification evidence and the work undertaken for the client; and
  • Report, in accordance with the relevant legislation and regulations.

We may use electronic checks as part of our identification procedures. We confirm that these electronic checks are not credit checks.

Quality of service

We aim to provide you with a fully satisfactory service and Faroque Ahmed as engagement partner will seek to ensure that this is so. If,
however, you are unable to deal with any difficulty through him please contact Faroque Ahmed. We undertake to look into any complaint
carefully and promptly and to do all we can to explain the position to you. We will acknowledge your letter within five business days of its
receipt and endeavour to deal with your complaint within eight weeks. If we do not answer your complaint to your satisfaction you may of
course take up the matter with the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW).

For consumer agreements, should we be unable to resolve your complaint you may also be able to refer your complaint to an alternative
dispute resolution (ADR) provider to try and reach a resolution. We will provide details of an ADR provider if we cannot resolve your complaint
using our internal procedures. This is in addition to your ability to complain to ICAEW.

ICAEW: We are not licensed or authorised for the reserved legal activity of non-contentious probate. Consequently, any work we do for you on
closely aligned activities, such as estate administration or inheritance tax advice, will not be covered by the ICAEW Probate Compensation
Scheme, this service will not be covered by legal personal privilege and you will not have access to the Legal Ombudsman.

Client monies

We may, from time to time, hold money on your behalf. Such money will be held in trust in a client bank account, which is segregated from the
firm’s funds. The account will be operated, and all funds dealt with, in accordance with the Clients’ Money Regulations of the ICAEW.

All client money will be held in an interest-bearing account. In order to avoid an excessive amount of administration, interest will only be paid
to you where the amount of interest that would be earned on the balances held on your behalf in any calendar year exceeds £25. Any such
interest would be calculated using the prevailing rate applied by Barclays Bank Plc for small deposits subject to the minimum period of notice
for withdrawals. Subject to any tax legislation, interest will be paid gross.

If the total sum of money held on your behalf exceeds £10,000 for a period of more than 30 days, or such sum is likely to be held for more
than 30 days, then the money will be placed in a separate interest-bearing client bank account designated to you. All interest earned on such
money will be paid to you. Subject to any tax legislation, interest will be paid gross.

We will return monies held on your behalf promptly as soon as there is no longer any reason to retain those funds. If any funds remain in our
client account that are unclaimed and the client to which they relate has remained untraced for five years or we as a firm cease to practise
then we may pay those monies to a registered charity.

Investment advice

Although we are not authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority to conduct Investment Business, we are licensed by the ICAEW to provide
certain limited investment services where these are complementary to, or arise out of, the professional services we are providing to you.

Such assistance may include the following:

  • advising you on investments generally, but not recommending a particular investment or type of investment;
  • referring you to a Permitted Third Party (PTP) ([an independent]* firm authorised by the FCA) and assisting you and the authorised third party during the course of any advice given by that party. This may include comment on, or explanation of, the advice received (but we will not make alternative recommendations). The PTP will issue you with his own terms and conditions letter, will be remunerated separately for his services and will take full responsibility for compliance with the requirements of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000. The firm may receive commission from such an introduction, in which case you will be fully informed of the expected size and nature of such commission at the time of the introduction.
  • advising on the sale of a contractually based investment other than disposing of any rights or interests which you may have as a member of a personal pension scheme;
  • advising and assisting you in transactions concerning shares or other securities not quoted on a recognised exchange;
  • managing investments or acting as trustee (or donee of a power of attorney) where decisions to invest are taken on the advice of an authorised person.

For corporate clients we may also, on the understanding that the shares or other securities of the company are not publicly traded:

  • advise the company, existing or prospective shareholders in relation to exercising rights, taking benefits or share options valuation and
  • methods;
  • arrange any agreements in connection with the issue, sale or transfer of the company’s shares or other securities;
  • arrange for the issue of the new shares; and
  • act as the addressee to receive confirmation of acceptance of offer documents etc.

Insurance distribution activities

If you are dissatisfied in any way with our services described in this section, you should follow the procedures set out in the “Quality of
Service” section above. In the unlikely event that we cannot meet our liabilities to you, you may be able to claim compensation under our
professional body’s compensation scheme. Further information about the scheme and the circumstances in which grants may be made is
available on ICAEW’s website:

Financial promotions

To enable us to provide you with a proper service, there may be occasions when we will need to contact you without your express permission
concerning investment business matters. For example, it may be in your interests to sell a particular investment and we would wish to inform
you of this. We may therefore contact you in such circumstances but would only do so in our normal office hours. We shall of course comply
with any restrictions you may wish to impose which you notify to us in writing.

Fees and payment terms

Our fees may depend not only on the time spent on your affairs by the partners and our staff and on the levels of skill and responsibility
involved, but also the level of risk identified and any advice provided. Unless otherwise agreed, our fees will be billed at appropriate intervals
during the course of the year and will be due on presentation.

We may indicate a fixed/indicative fee for the provision of specific services. We will not usually identify fixed fees for more than a year in
advance as these may need to be revised in light of subsequent events. Where we estimate our fees for any specific work, this will not be
binding unless this is clearly stated to you. Otherwise, our fees will be based on the hours worked by each member of staff necessarily
engaged on your affairs, multiplied by their charge-out rate per hour, VAT being charged thereon.

If it is necessary to carry out work outside the responsibilities outlined in this letter it will involve additional fees. Accordingly we would like to
point out that it is in your interests to ensure that your records etc., are completed to the agreed stage.

Our fees will exclude out of pocket expenses. Out of pocket expenses (plus VAT (if applicable)) will be billed as incurred for reimbursement by

Invoices are payable in full before the report is signed and the accounts are made available for filing.

It is our normal practice to request that clients make arrangements to pay a proportion of their fee on a monthly standing order. These
standing orders will be applied to fees arising from work agreed in this letter of engagement for the current and ensuing years. Once we have
been able to assess the amount of work and time involved we would be grateful if you would agree to pay an amount to us on a regular basis.

Our terms relating to payment of amounts invoiced and not covered by standing orders, where appropriate, are strictly on receipt on invoice.
Interest will be charged on all overdue debts at the rate for the time being applicable under the Late Payment of Commercial Debts (8%) Act

Retention of and access to records

During the course of our work we will collect information from you and others acting on your behalf and will return any original documents to
you following the preparation of your accounts and returns.

Amend where records are retained on clients’ behalf. Whilst certain documents may legally belong to you, we intend to destroy
correspondence and other papers that we store which are more than seven years old, other than documents which we consider to be of
continuing significance. If you require retention of any document you must notify us of that fact in writing.

Electronic communication

Internet communications are capable of data corruption and therefore we do not accept any responsibility for changes made to such
communications after their despatch. It may therefore be inappropriate to rely on advice contained in an e-mail without obtaining written
confirmation of it. We do not accept responsibility for any errors or problems that may arise through the use of internet communication and all
risks connected with sending commercially sensitive information relating to your business are borne by you. If you do not agree to accept this
risk, you should notify us in writing that e-mail is not an acceptable means of communication.

It is the responsibility of the recipient to carry out a virus check on any attachments received.

Data Protection

To enable us to discharge the services agreed in this engagement letter, comply with related legal and regulatory obligations and for other
related purposes including updating and enhancing client records and analysis for management purposes, as a data controller, we may
obtain, use, process and disclose personal data about you / your business / company / partnership / its shareholders / members / officers and
employees as described in our privacy notice. We confirm when processing data on your behalf that we will comply with the provisions of all
relevant data protection legislation and regulation.

You are also an independent controller responsible for complying with data protection legislation and regulation in respect of the personal data
you process and, accordingly where you disclose personal data to us you confirm that such disclosure is fair and lawful and otherwise does
not contravene relevant requirements. Nothing within this engagement letter relieves you as a data controller of your own direct
responsibilities and liabilities under data protection legislation and regulation.

Our privacy notice, which can be found on our website at explains how we process personal data in respect of the
various services that we provide.

As part of our ongoing commitment to providing a quality service, our files are periodically reviewed by an independent regulatory or quality
control body. These reviewers are highly experienced and professional people and, of course, are bound by the same rules for confidentiality
as us.

Processing of customer personal data

Data protection legislation and regulation places obligations on you as a data controller where we act as a data processor to undertake the
processing of personal data on your behalf, for instance where we operate a payroll service for you. We therefore confirm that we will at all
times take appropriate measures to comply with relevant requirements when processing data on your behalf. In particular we confirm that we
have adequate security measures in place and that we will comply with any obligations equivalent to those placed on you as a data controller.
Terms relating to our responsibilities as a data processor are set out below.

In respect of the client personal data, unless otherwise required by applicable laws or other regulatory requirements, we shall:

Process the client personal data only in accordance with your lawful written instructions, in order to provide you with the services pursuant to
our engagement with you and in accordance with applicable data protection legislation;

Disclose and transfer the client personal data to members of our firm’s network, our regulatory bodies or other third parties (for example, our
professional advisors or service providers) as and to the extent necessary in order to provide you with the services pursuant to our
engagement with you in relation to those services;

Disclose the client personal data to courts, government agencies and other third parties as and to the extent required by law;
Maintain written records of our processing activities performed on your behalf which shall include: (i) the categories of processing activities
performed; (ii) details of any cross-border data transfers outside of the European Economic Area (EEA); and (iii) a general description of
security measures implemented in respect of the client personal data;

Maintain commercially reasonable and appropriate security measures, including administrative, physical and technical safeguards, to protect
against unauthorised or unlawful processing of any client personal data and against accidental loss or destruction of, or damage to, such
client personal data;

Return or delete all the client personal data upon the termination of the engagement with you pursuant to which we agreed to provide the

Ensure that only those personnel who need to have access to the client personal data are granted access to it and that all of the personnel
authorised to process the client personal data are bound by a duty of confidentiality;

Notify you if we appoint a sub-processor (but only if you have given us your prior written consent, such consent not to be reasonably withheld
or delayed) and ensure any agreement entered into with the relevant sub-processor includes similar terms as the terms set out in this section;

Where we transfer the client personal data to a country or territory outside the EEA to do so in accordance with data protection legislation;

Notify you promptly if:

  • We receive a request, complaint or any adverse correspondence from or on behalf of a relevant data subject, to exercise their data subject rights under the data protection legislation or in respect of the client personal data; or
  • We are served with an information or assessment notice, or receive any other material communication in respect of our processing of the client personal data from a supervisory body (for example, the Information Commissioner’s Office);

Notify you, without undue delay, in the event that we reasonably believe that there has been a personal data breach in respect of the client
personal data; and

At your cost and upon receipt of your prior written notice, allow you, on an annual basis and/or in the event that we notify you of personal data
breach in respect of the client personal data, reasonable access to the relevant records, files, computer or other communication systems, for
the purposes of reviewing our compliance with the data protection laws.

Without prejudice to the generality of clause 10.1, you will ensure that you have all necessary appropriate consents and notices in place to
enable the lawful transfer of the client personal data to us.

Should you require any further details regarding our treatment of personal data, please contact our data controller.

Professional rules and practice guidelines

We will observe and act in accordance with the bye-laws, regulations and Code of Ethics of the ICAEW and accept instructions to act for you
on this basis. In particular you give us the authority to correct errors made by HMRC where we become aware of them. We will not be liable
for any loss, damage or cost arising from our compliance with statutory or regulatory obligations. You can see copies of these requirements in
our offices. The requirements are also available on the internet at

Where relevant We confirm that we are Statutory Auditors eligible to conduct audits under the Companies Act 2006. When conducting audit
work we are required to comply with the Revised Ethical Standard 2016 and the International Standards on Auditing (UK) which can be
accessed on the internet at

Conflicts of interest

We reserve the right during our engagement with you to deliver services to other clients whose interests might compete with yours or are or
may be adverse to yours. Subject to our confidentiality clause we confirm that we will notify you immediately should we become aware of any
conflict of interest involving us and affecting the company.

If a conflict of interest should arise, either between two or more of our clients, or in the provision of multiple services to a single client, we will
take such steps as are necessary to deal with the conflict. In resolving the conflict, we would be guided by our Code of Ethics 1 which can be
viewed on the internet at the address above, in part B, sub-section 220 2.

The Provision of Services Regulations 2009

Where relevant We are registered to carry on audit work in the UK and Ireland by the ICAEW. Details of our audit registration can be viewed

Details of our professional indemnity insurer can be found at

Timing of our services

If you provide us with all information and explanations on a timely basis in accordance with our requirements, we will plan to undertake the
work within a reasonable period of time in order to meet any regulatory deadlines. However, failure to complete our services prior to any such
regulatory deadline would not, of itself, mean that we are liable for any penalty or additional costs arising.

Use of our name in statements or documents issued by you

You are not permitted to use our name in any statement or document that you may issue unless our prior written consent has been obtained.
The only exception to this restriction would be statements or documents that in accordance with applicable law are to be made public.
The copyright in any document prepared by us belongs to us in entirety unless the law specifically provides otherwise.


If there is a conflict between an engagement letter schedule and these terms of business then the engagement letter takes precedence.
We will provide services as outlined in this letter with reasonable care and skill. However, to the fullest extent permitted by law, we will not be
responsible for any losses, penalties, surcharges, interest or additional tax liabilities where you or others supply incorrect or incomplete
information, or fail to supply any appropriate information or where you fail to act on our advice or respond promptly to communications from us
or the tax authorities.

You will not hold us, the owners of this firm and any staff employed by the firm, responsible, to the fullest extent permitted by law, for any loss
suffered by you arising from any misrepresentation (intentional or unintentional) supplied to us orally or in writing in connection with this
agreement. You have agreed that you will not bring any claim in connection with services we provide to you against any of the principals or
employees personally.

Our work is not, unless there is a legal or regulatory requirement, to be made available to third parties without our written permission and we
will accept no responsibility to third parties for any aspect of our professional services or work that is made available to them.

If any provision of this engagement letter or terms of business or its application is held to be invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any respect,
the validity, legality or enforceability of any other provision and its application shall not in any way be affected or impaired.

Advice we give you orally should not be relied upon unless we confirm it in writing. We endeavour to record all advice on important matters in
writing. However, if you particularly wish to rely upon oral advice we give you during a telephone conversation or a meeting, you must ask for
the advice to be confirmed in writing.

We will not accept responsibility if you act on advice previously given by us without first confirming with us that the advice is still valid in the
light of any change in the law or your circumstances. We will accept no liability for losses arising from changes in the law or the interpretation
thereof that occur after the date on which the advice is given.

Unless specifically instructed and agreed in advance we will not assist with the implementation of our advice.

Provision of cloud-based services

Where the firm provides accounting software in the Cloud, this will be provided by a third party (the ‘Cloud Supplier’). The third party has
signed a confidentiality agreement with the firm to ensure compliance with the relevant clauses in the firm’s standard terms of business
above, in particular. fees and payment terms (7), Electronic Communication (9), and Data Protection (10).
The service provided by the Cloud Supplier will be a discrete web based hosted facility, and you agree that access will also be provided to the
firm and the third party.

The firm cannot be held liable for any interruption of service provided by the Cloud Supplier. However, we will liaise with them regarding the
resumption of a normal service as soon as possible.

Termination of our agreement When relevant

Either party to these terms of engagement may terminate the agreement by giving not less than 21 days’ notice in writing to the other party.
We may, however, terminate our agreement immediately where you fail to cooperate with us, or we have reason to believe that you have
provided us or HMRC with misleading information. Termination will be without prejudice to any rights that may have accrued to either of us
prior to termination.

Should our contract be terminated, we will endeavour to agree with you the arrangements for the completion of work in progress at that time.
We may, however, be required for legal or regulatory reasons to cease work immediately. In that event, we shall not be required to carry out
further work and shall not be responsible or liable for any consequences arising from termination.